Ferguson Report Cites Payday Lending as a Key Economic Barrier

Better to go without electricity, says Cedric Jones, than take out a payday loan to keep the lights on. Jones is one of the Ferguson, Missouri, residents quoted in Forward through Ferguson, the just-released report of a commission appointed by Governor Jay Nixon to conduct a “thorough, wide-ranging and unflinching study of the social and economic conditions that impede progress, equality and safety in the St. Louis region.”

In a document largely concerned with law enforcement, the authors identify predatory lending as a significant barrier to racial justice. (See pages 1, 49, 50, 56, 130 and 134 of the report.) “Low-income households in Missouri with limited access to credit frequently seek high-cost ‘payday’ loans to handle increasFerguson Findingsed or unexpected emergency expenditures,” they write. “These lenders, who are often the only lending option in low-income neighborhoods, charge exorbitant interest rates on their loans.”

The average annual interest rate for payday loans in Missouri was well over 400 percent in 2012, according to data cited in the report. That’s a higher rate than in any of Missouri’s eight adjacent states. As Cedric Jones told the commission, “If you borrow $500 with an installment loan from a payday loan place, the loan is 18 months. If you take it the whole 18 months, you pay back $3,000… Six times the amount… And if you’re poor to begin with you can get stuck in those things and never, never get out of it.”

A family with a net income of $20,000 could pay as much as $1,200 a year in fees and interest associated with exploitative “alternative” lending products, the report observes, pointing to research done by Federal the Reserve in 2010. The report urges action at both the state and federal level to “end predatory lending by changing repayment terms, underwriting standards, [and] collection practices and by capping the maximum APR at the rate of 36 percent.”

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